Over 25% of Chicago’s population is Hispanic
Chicago, belonging to the Central Time Zone of the United States is part of the State of Illinois. It is the third city in the U.S. that is heavily-populated, currently being home to nearly 2.7 million residents. First settled in the 1770s, it was incorporated as a city in 1837. Its first native name was “shikaakwa” that means Wild Onion. The city’s total area is 606.1 square kilometers or about 234 square miles, packed with residents at an average density of 4,447 persons living in each square kilometer or 11,864.4 persons for each square mile. Total land area measures 588 square kilometers (227.2 square miles) while the area covered with water is 18 square kilometers or just 6.9 square miles.
According to the Global Cities Index, Chicago ranks seventh in the world in 2012 and is considered an alpha as well as a global city, and also recognized as an international center for telecommunications, industry, infrastructure and finance. It is likewise a major and very important center of trade in the world. Its major international airport, the O’Hare International Airport is second in the list of the world’s busiest airports based on traffic movements in 2010, next to the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport of Atlanta, Georgia.
The city has been immortalized in a number of songs, movies, novels, plays, popular culture and various printed materials covering different topics. Chicago may have been notorious during the days of Al Capone and the other gangs before and after him, but it did add to the mysterious, exciting, and even romantic appeal of the city. After all, Chicago became the model for Gotham City, where the fictitious Batman was the city’s hero.
Chicago, Illinois one of the largest cities in the United States of America is over one-fourth hispanic. Even though Chicago is located in the Midwest, far from the Mexican border and closer to Canada, there is a huge Hispanic population here. Chicago is home to some of the largest multi-national corporations coming from all around the world including Spain and Latin America.
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One of the most popular nicknames for Chicago is “The Windy City.” However, the origin of this nickname is controversial, since there is no valid record on why the city was given that nickname. One of the most plausible is that it stemmed from the fierce rivalries among Chicago, New York, Washington D.C. and St. Louis for the hosting of the World’s Columbian Exposition that Chicago won in 1890. The New Yorkers were not happy with the bidding results and one newspaper columnist, Charles A. Dana of the New York Sun, who was avidly campaigning for New York, even showed his disgust about the result by saying that the windy (meaning boastful; full of air) city would not be able to mount a world’s fair even if Chicago won the bid. The name eventually stuck, but it should be clarified that it had nothing to do with the location of Chicago near Lake Michigan and the average wind speed in Chicago, which is just 10.3 miles per hour or 16.6 kilometers per hour. Actually the windiest city in the United States is Boston, Massachusetts, with average wind speed of 12.3 miles per hour, which translates to 19.8 kilometers per hour.
Chicago nearly has 2.7 million residents according to the 2010 census. In 1833, when the city was founded, the residents in the city only number about 200. The American frontier city surely had come a long way. From being a small mining town, Chicago has grown to be the world’s fifth largest city, even if the whole city was almost razed to the ground in 1871 by the Great Chicago Fire.
The now densely-populated city is home to a 28.9% Hispanic or Latino community comprising Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Guatemalans, Ecuadorians, Cubans, Colombians, Hondurans, Salvadorians and Peruvians. Overall, the ethnically-diverse population is composed of 45% Whites, 32.9% Blacks / African-Americans, 13.4% belonging to other races, 5.5% Asians, and 2.7% with two or more racial origins while the American Indians represent 0.5%.
The city is tolerant of different religions and had been a host in 1893 and 1993 to the Parliament of the World’s Religions. City residents practice Catholicism, Islam, Buddhism, Baha’i, Judaism, Sikhism and Hinduism, as well as other Christian religions.
It has a very active, vibrant and pulsating arts and culture heritage. It is the birthplace of Chicago blues, soul and jazz, and the place where house music originated. It also has a well-established hip-hop, indie, rave, industrial, new wave, punk and alternative music scene and has been hosting the Pitchfork Music Festival and the Lollapalooza fest every year. The city also started the skyscraper trend in constructing buildings, starting with the Home Insurance Building that was built in 1885. The Trump International Hotel and Tower and the Willis Tower (formerly Sears Tower) are two of the tallest buildings in the United States.
“Chicago also had many “firsts” in the course of its history aside from the first skyscraper. It had the first Ferris wheel, built in 1893 in time for the World’s Fair that the city hosted. It was huge at that time, as it could seat 2,160 people. It had the first farm silo in the world, constructed in 1873 by Fred Hatch. The first deep-dish pizza that Chicago is famous for was baked in 1943 by owner Ike Sewell for his Pizzeria Uno restaurant. Ives W. McGaffey invented the first vacuum cleaner in 1869, while the first electric dishwasher was invented in Chicago by 1889 and was displayed at the 1893 World’s Fair in the city by Mrs. Josephine Garis. At the same World’s Fair, the first zipper, designed as a hook and eye shoe fastener, invented by Chicago-native Mr. Whitcomb Judson in 1851 was also shown. The first African-American cardiologist, Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, performed the first heart surgery in 1893 at Provident Hospital. It was done to repair a torn pericardium that was caused by a knife wound. The patient’s name was James Cornish. George Hancock invented the first version of softball in 1887 to encourage baseball players to continue practicing the game indoors during the winter months. The first McDonald’s franchise was put up in Chicago in 1955.”
Chicago is a very fascinating city that has so many things to offer a visitor. It has several historical wonders that await your discovery. There are still so many things visitors and travelers could do in this captivating city that is the financial and cultural center of the state of Illinois. Learn more about Chicago from the pages of the city profile we have especially prepared just for you. Should you need English to Spanish or Spanish to English translation and interpretation while you are in Chicago, we hope that you will allow us to be your guide and partner.